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The It's vs. Its page

If you're confused by these two little words, you've come to one of many right places.)


It's is a contraction for it is or it has.

Its is a possessive pronoun meaning, more or less, of it or belonging to it.

And there is absolutely, positively, no such word as its'.

A simple test

If you can replace it[']s in your sentence with it is or it has, then your word is it's; otherwise, your word is its.

Another test

Its is the neuter version of his and her. Try plugging her into your sentence where you think its belongs. If the sentence still works grammatically (if not logically) then your word is indeed its.


It's been good to know you. Contraction: it has
It's a bird! It's a plane! Contraction: it is

The dodo bird is known for its inability to fly. Possessive pronoun: its inability = the dodo bird's inability


More on grammar

See Jack Lynch's popular and handy Grammar and Style Notes.

The Word Detective may surprise you with his history of it's and its.



Gary D. Shapiro
Changing the world one apostrophe at a time.®
Gary's email
14 April 2004
This page has been visited about   times since 30 November 1997. Whoopee.